World Development Report (WDR) 2009 - Seeing Development in 3D
World Bank – December 2007
Outline of the report – PDF [47p.] at: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDR2009/Resources/Outline.pdf
“……..Geography matters for development. Yet economic geography - that is, consideration of the "spatial" aspects that determine economic growth and the welfare of people - is seldomly taken into account in crafting development policy. In low and middle-income countries, as in rich countries, economic activity is increasingly concentrating in certain locations. However, this concentration is accompanied by sizeable—and increasing— disparities in living standards across villages, towns, cities and regions. Paradoxically, in a world which is rapidly globalizing, one of the most important determinants of well-being is still where a person is born: in which country, in what province within the country, and whether in a city or the countryside…..”
“…..Economic activity becomes increasingly concentrated with development. As this happens, substantial disparities in welfare can emerge between rural and urban areas, between leading and lagging regions within countries and, perhaps most dramatically, between countries in different parts of the world.
The objective of the World Development Report (WDR) 2009 "Seeing Development in 3D" is to identify and understand the interactions between:
economic geography, growth, and living standards, and to draw the implications of these interactions for policy. WDR 2009 charts the changes in the three spatial dimensions of economic activity and household welfare: rising density, falling distance and persisting division.
The WDR will highlight the dimensions and significance of spatial forces that shape economic development; and recommend policies to facilitate the spatial transformations necessary to sustain economic growth, reduce disparities in welfare, and reduce poverty.
The report aims to reframe three important policy debates: on urbanization in developing countries; on territorial development policies; and on the pros and cons of regional integration. ….”
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