Friday, May 4, 2012

[EQ] Social determinants of health and well-being among young people

Social determinants of health and well-being among young people

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study: international report from the 2009/2010 survey


Candace Currie, Cara Zanotti, Antony Morgan, Dorothy Currie, Margaretha de Looze, Chris Roberts, Oddrun Samdal, Otto R.F. Smith and Vivian Barnekow

Health Policy for Children and Adolescents, No. 6 2012

Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2012

Available PDF [272p.] at: http://bit.ly/Iw54TK

 


“……Through this international report on the results of its most recent survey, the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study supplies the up-to-date information needed by policy-makers at various levels of government, nongovernmental organizations, and professionals in sectors such as health, education, social services, justice and recreation.

 

The latest addition to a series of HBSC reports on young people’s health, this report presents findings from the 2009/2010 survey on the demographic and social influences on the health of young people (aged 11, 13 and 15 years) in 43 countries and regions in the WHO European Region and North America.

 

Responding to the survey, the young people described their social context (relations with family, peers and school), physical health and satisfaction with life, health behaviours (patterns of eating, tooth brushing and physical activity) and risk behaviours (use of tobacco, alcohol and cannabis, sexual behaviour, fighting and bullying). Statistical analyses were carried out to identify meaningful differences in the prevalence of health and social indicators by gender, age group and levels of family affluence.

 

The aim was to provide a rigorous, systematic statistical base for describing cross-national patterns, in terms of the magnitude and direction of differences between subgroups, thus contributing to a better understanding of the social determinants of health and well-being among young people, and providing the means to help protect and promote their health….”


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information Related to: Equity; Health inequality; Socioeconomic inequality in health; Socioeconomic
health differentials; Gender; Violence; Poverty; Health Economics; Health Legislation; Ethnicity; Ethics;
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[EQ] Knowledge from the South - Regional South-South Cooperation (SSC) fair - May 8-10, 2012 Panama

Knowledge from the South - Regional South-South Cooperation (SSC) fair


May 8-10, 2012 Panama

It will be held in the City of Knowledge, a knowledge hub in the region, and will be coordinated by the UNDP Regional Center for Latin America and the Caribbean jointly with the Ministry of External Relations of Panama.
The cooperation offices and agencies of Latin American and the Caribbean countries and the of South-South Cooperation experiences developed by the countries of the region

Website: http://bit.ly/KwFpbn

“……The Knowledge from the South Fair seeks to highlight South-South Cooperation experiences in issues of social and sustainable development that have proved effective in the region, and the mechanisms used for the exchange, adaptation in other countries, and consolidation of cooperation between countries of the region.

The first satellite event: Academic Challenges in research and the systematization of good practices in SSC
Wednesday, May 9th at 14:00 hours.
To promote dialogue and reflection about the role of academia en SSC, particularly the contributions, challenges, and opportunities offered by this partnership as well as the best way to strengthen the link between academic institutions and the International Cooperation Agencies in the region.


The second satellite event: Strengthening South-South Cooperation platforms

Thursday May 10, at 12:30 pm
Information systems and monitoring systems used in SSC as means to advancing and improving knowledge exchange and information gathering. In this session the General Secretary for Ibero America, the United Nations Special Unit for South-South Cooperation and the Center for International Strategic Thinking will be the primary participants.

 

The third - satellite event: Contributions to strengthening SSC

Thursday, May 10 event at 14:30 hours
Analyze the different mechanisms that have been employed by multilateral organizations in support of SSC and the challenges presented by the diversity of mechanisms in the region. The Spanish Agency for International Cooperation (AECID in Spanish), the World Bank and the German Cooperation Agency (GIZ) will participate in this event.

Knowledge Exchange Fair – central themes:

 

• Social Programs and Systems of Social Protection.

• Fiscal policies to promote equity and social investment.

• Participation, inclusion and public policies.

• Environment and disaster risk reduction.

PAHO/WHO launches:
Cooperation among Countries for Health Development web portal

Website: http://bit.ly/JxfJe2

 

“…..The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) is an active participant in the international dialogue regarding south-south and triangular cooperation as well as horizontal partnerships.  Both governments and development partners have expressed a need to develop and improve knowledge and information sharing mechanisms regarding these alternative cooperation modalities.

To respond to the needs and challenges identified, PAHO/WHO has established this new web portal for knowledge sharing as well as the documentation and systematization of case stories related to all types of horizontal partnerships among countries for health development.

The portal seeks to foster an interactive community of practitioners that encourages peer learning in order to develop more effective and sustainable models of international cooperation in health……”

 
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This message from the Pan American Health Organization, PAHO/WHO, is part of an effort to disseminate
information Related to: Equity; Health inequality; Socioeconomic inequality in health; Socioeconomic
health differentials; Gender; Violence; Poverty; Health Economics; Health Legislation; Ethnicity; Ethics;
Information Technology - Virtual libraries; Research & Science issues.  [DD/ KMC Area]
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“Materials provided in this electronic list are provided "as is". Unless expressly stated otherwise, the findings
and interpretations included in the Materials are those of the authors and not necessarily of The Pan American
Health Organization PAHO/WHO or its country members”.
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[EQ] Getting Started with Health in All Policies: A Resource Pack

Getting Started with Health in All Policies: A Resource Pack

Health in All Policies: A Snapshot for Ontario

Scoping Review of the Literature

Prepared by the Centre for Research on Inner City Health (CRICH) in the Keenan Research Centre of the Li Ka Shing
Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital

Lead Authors: Shankardass K, Solar O, Murphy K, Freiler A, Bobbili S, Bayoumi A, O'Campo P.

Research Team: O'Campo P, Laupacis A, Dhalla I, Kirst M, Lofters A, Murphy K, Perrier L, Shankardass K.

2011 - Report to the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care (Ontario) Canada

Available online PDF [88p.] at: http://bit.ly/wnt2hN

 "Health in All Policies" refers to formal, sustained, "wholeofgovernment" (read: crosssectoral and coordinated) policy initiatives aimed to improve population health. In some cases, health inequities are targeted specifically in "Health in All Policies" initiatives.

A scoping review identified literature describing international examples of health equityfocused "Health in All Policies". A total of 4833 scholarly articles and 501 sources of grey literature were gathered based on a keyword search.

Following screening and sorting, 163 articles were retained, and intersectoral health activities were described in 43 countries. Further screening identified 16 jurisdictions that have implemented a "Health in All Policies" approach, specifically.

Scoping Review of "Health in All Policies" Literature: Findings
 

                        Wholeofgovernment, "Health in All Policies" approaches focused on health equity have been implemented in 16 countries or subnational areas worldwide: Australia, Brazil, Cuba, England, Finland, Iran, Malaysia, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Norway, Quebec, Scotland, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, and Wales.

                        In every case, a formal, wholeofgovernment "Health in All Policies" approach was preceded by intersectoral initiatives that were less formal and broadreaching.

                        Governmentwide Health Impact Assessment (HIA) or a variant thereof to measure health outcomes/health needs was instituted in almost all jurisdictions.

                        "Health in All Policies" strategies were usually aimed to improve working/living conditions, or to target individual behavior change. Improving access to health care was also stressed. Fewer than a third of cases involved wealth redistribution to address health inequities.

                        By definition, "Health in All Policies" approaches have a broader focus than vulnerable populations only. Most jurisdictions combined attention to vulnerable populations and universal policy initiatives. The preponderance of policy activity related to vulnerable groups.

                        "Health in all Policies" involved a high degree of interaction and interdependence across sectors, and limited individual sectors' autonomy. "Health in All Policies" was not supported through simple informationsharing.

                        Mechanisms for supporting "Health in All Policies" included formal intersectoral committees (e.g. cabinet committees, interdepartmental committees), joint budgets, and evaluation and monitoring tools. In most jurisdictions a mix of horizontal and vertical integration management strategies was used to manage policy implementation. ………."

Table of Contents

 

Executive Summary

1. Introduction

2. Background

 

2.1 Reducing Health Inequities in Ontario

2.2 What is a Realist Scoping Review

2.3 Defining "Health in All Policies

2.4 Five Stage Scoping Review and the Identification of "Health in All Policies" Cases

3. Scoping Review Results

 

3.1 "Health in All Policies" Jurisdictions Around the World

3.2 Information Collected and Compiled About "Health in All Policies" Approaches

3.3 Case Summaries
 

4. Getting Started with "Health in All Policies": Conceptual Framework and Core Concepts

 

5. Understanding "Health in All Policies"
Initiation and Implementation: A Descriptive Comparison of Empirical Cases, Using the Conceptual Framework

 

5.1 Understanding the Context of Initiation: Relevance of Welfare State Profile, Timing, and International Influences

5.2 Understanding Implementation Mechanisms: Patterns of Interaction between Health Care and Other Sectors, Tools, and Government Structures Influencing Interactions, and Health Impact and Health Equity Impact Assessment Tools

5.3 Understanding Intervention Design: Entry Points, Equity Lens and Management and Control of Interventions


6. Relevance to Ministry of Health and Long Term Care and Options for Further Study

 

6.1 Getting Started with "Health in All Policies: Resources Produced and How they Can be Used

6.2 Further Investigation of "Health in All Policies" that may be Relevant to the Ministry of Health and LongTerm Care

6.3 Conclusion

 

 


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This message from the Pan American Health Organization, PAHO/WHO, is part of an effort to disseminate
information Related to: Equity; Health inequality; Socioeconomic inequality in health; Socioeconomic
health differentials; Gender; Violence; Poverty; Health Economics; Health Legislation; Ethnicity; Ethics;
Information Technology - Virtual libraries; Research & Science issues.  [DD/ KMC Area]
Washington DC USA

"Materials provided in this electronic list are provided "as is". Unless expressly stated otherwise, the findings
and interpretations included in the Materials are those of the authors and not necessarily of The Pan American
Health Organization PAHO/WHO or its country members".
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[EQ] Global Sustainable Development and Environmental Health - online seminar May 9,2012

XIV SDE Seminar Series towards Rio+20  

Sustainable Development and Environmental Health – SDE - PAHO/WHO

JOINT SEMINAR WITH THE INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE (IOM/NRC, USA)

Global Sustainable Development and Environmental Health:
A conversation around the 2012 Rio+20 United Conference

9 May 2012Time: 11:00 am - 1:00 pm - EDT (Washington, DC USA)

To check local time in WDC against your time zone, see the World Clock

(In English with simultaneous translation to Spanish)

Website PAHO/WHO Rio+20 at:  http://bit.ly/oxoRdS

“………….Sustainable paths have the potential to bring enormous public health benefits. A recent series of studies in the Lancet concluded, for example, that appropriate climate mitigation strategies had the potential for mostly beneficial, independent effects on health, but noted that the potential value of these health co-benefits had not “been given sufficient prominence in international negotiations”

 The significant benefits to human health that sustainable development offers, however, are often not quantified. A shared agreement on how best to quantify human health measures would allow countries to both monitor health impacts of development and to add human health to their sustainable development agenda.

This consideration is crucial as the population of the planet passes seven billion on its way to nine billion by 2050. The paths towards poverty and hunger eradication and the provision of clean water, adequate energy, and safe shelter must be increasingly steered towards environmental and social sustainability—the crucial pieces of sustainable development. Further, rapid urbanization and technological development bring the risk of adverse unintended consequences, which can have significant impacts on human health such as heightened levels of environmental exposures and non-communicable disease burdens.

To inform the discussion at the upcoming Rio+20 United Nations World Conference, this 2-hour webcast event will focus on the critical role health plays in sustainable development. Through presentations and discussions, it is expected that participants and viewers will: gain a better understanding of the impact of health on economic growth, discuss appropriate health-related indicators and goals of sustainable development, and identify how to incorporate health into decisions that will be made at the 2012 Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development…….

The health benefits of tackling climate change The Lancet:
http://bit.ly/KAfMqX

Agenda

11:00 am      Opening: Luiz Augusto Galv√£o (moderator)
Area Manager, Sustainable Development and Environmental Health, Pan American Health Organization

11:05 am      Overview of How Health Contributes to Advances in Sustainable Development and Economic Growth
Maria Neira, Director, Public Health and Environment, World Health Organization

11:25 am      There is an Investment in Health also an Investment in Development?
Akiko Maeda, Sector Manager, Health, Nutrition and Population, World Bank

11:45 pm      Discussion (participants are encouraged to use the chat panel to send comments)

12:10pm       Tracking Health-Related Goals and Indicators for Sustainable Development
 John M. Balbus, Senior Advisor for Public Health, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

12:25 pm      Discussion (participants are encouraged to use the chat panel to send comments)

12:50 pm      Visionary Piece and Wrap-up
Frank Loy, U.S. Representative to the 66th Session of the United Nations General Assembly

1:00 pm ADJOURN

How to participate

In person: This event is free and open to the public
PAHO/WHO
525 23rd ST NW
Washington DC, 20037 Room 1017 – 12h to 13h Eastern Time (WDC)

Online: via Elluminate link:

- Spanish room: www.paho.org/virtual/SeminariosSDE 

- English room www.paho.org/virtual/SDESeminars

SDE Seminar Series towards Rio+20

The SDE Seminar series will happen every Wednesday from February 8 to June 13th.

All Seminars will be live streamed, and open for participation in person at the PAHO/WHO headquarters, or via Elluminate. Some of the Seminars will be in English, others in Spanish. 

For those who cannot follow the live seminar, we will have it available later at PAHO Rio+20 Toolkit at: http://bit.ly/oxoRdS

Sustainable Development Indicators
No.13  Health at the heart of Sustainable Development Indicators

http://bit.ly/IQGhgE

 

Economic – social aspects Non Communicable Diseases

No.12  Economic and social aspects of Non Communicable Diseases NCDs

http://bit.ly/IisLCg

Non Communicable Diseases 

No.11 Non Communicable Diseases and Sustainable Development

http://bit.ly/JGgnvr

Workers health

No.10 Green Economy /Green Jobs: Health Risks & Benefits
http://bit.ly/IhCwK2

            Regional Experiences

No. 9 The Voice and Experience of the Caribbean Islands towards SD
http://bit.ly/HGvKCh

            Road Safety  

No.  8 Road Safety and Public Transportation towards Sustainable Development:
an agenda for health for Rio+20
http://bit.ly/IS7rAH

            Globalization

No. 7 Globalization and Health Equity towards Sustainable Development
http://bit.ly/HJ0PTT

            Civil Society

No. 6 The Voices of Civil Society - Creating the Healthy Future
http://bit.ly/HRsJyd

Working Environments
No. 5 Employment and working conditions for Sustainable Development
http://bit.ly/ILtlHE

            The Environment

No. 4 Amazon Region: Environment and Health in the Context of Sustainable Development
http://bit.ly/IlMMmK

            Climate Change

No. 3 Climate Change and health in the context of Rio+20
http://bit.ly/J7NLFJ

            Water

No. 2 Water and Sanitation
http://bit.ly/HP7kGw

            Sustainable Development

No. 1 Public Health Challenges
http://bit.ly/Iv3LWW

---****----
 KMC/2012/SDE
Twitter
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This message from the Pan American Health Organization, PAHO/WHO, is part of an effort to disseminate
information Related to: Equity; Health inequality; Socioeconomic inequality in health; Socioeconomic
health differentials; Gender; Violence; Poverty; Health Economics; Health Legislation; Ethnicity; Ethics;
Information Technology - Virtual libraries; Research & Science issues.  [DD/ KMC Area]
Washington DC USA

“Materials provided in this electronic list are provided "as is". Unless expressly stated otherwise, the findings
and interpretations included in the Materials are those of the authors and not necessarily of The Pan American
Health Organization PAHO/WHO or its country members”.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
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Equity List - Archives - Join/remove: http://listserv.paho.org/Archives/equidad.html
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IMPORTANT: This transmission is for use by the intended
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confidential information. If you are not the intended
recipient or a person responsible for delivering this
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any action in reliance on it. If you received this transmission
in error, please dispose of and delete this transmission.

Thank you.