Health Surveillance, Disease Prevention and Control, Pan American Health Organization, Regional Office of the World Health Organization
Acta Trop. 2010 Jul-Aug;115(1-2):14-21. Epub 2009 Nov 20.
Journal website: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0001706X
“…….Political repression and/or economic stagnation stimulated the flow of migration from the 17 Latin American countries endemic for Chagas disease to developed countries. Because of this migration, Chagas disease, an autochthonous disease of the Continental Western Hemisphere is becoming a global health problem.
In 2006, 3.8% of the 80,522 immigrants from those 17 countries to
Further, it was estimated that 24-92 newborns delivered by South American T. cruzi infected mothers in
Governments should implement policies to prevent donations of blood and organs from T. cruzi infected donors. In addition, an infrastructure that assures detection and treatment of acute and chronic cases as well as congenital infection should be developed……”
Global travel spreads Chagas outside of Latin America
Chagas, often transmitted by 'kissing bugs', has in recent years been increasingly discovered outside of
Read the fact sheet to learn more about Chagas
· An estimated 10 million people are infected with Trypanosoma cruzi (the parasite that causes Chagas disease) worldwide, mostly in
· Chagas disease was once entirely confined to the Region of the
· Chagas disease is curable if treatment is initiated soon after infection.
· Up to 30% of chronically infected people develop cardiac alterations and up to 10% develop digestive, neurological or mixed alterations, for which specific treatment may become necessary.
· Vector control is the most useful method to prevent Chagas disease in
· Blood screening is vital to prevent infection through transfusion and organ transplantation.
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