Nordic health care systems. Recent reforms and current policy challenges
Is there a Nordic approach to health care?
Jon Magnussen, Professor in the Department of Public Health and General Practice at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim, Norway.
Karsten Vrangb, Director of Research, Danish Institute of Governmental Research,
Richard B. Saltman, Associate Head of Research Policy at the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, and Professor of Health Policy and Management in the Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
Published by Open University Press - European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Series 2009
Observatory Website: http://www.euro.who.int/observatory/Studies/20091021_2
“…..While this model has been long considered as one of the cornerstones of the Nordic social welfare state, praised for its consistent pursuit of universalism and equity through close coordination between different levels of public administration, more recently it has also been criticised for not allowing citizens to take a more active role in their healthcare, limiting patients’ choice as well as rationing uptake of healthcare services in various implicit ways, such as slow implementation of new technologies.
This study demystifies and challenges this idea of a monolithic model. While it is true that the health systems in
The centrally initiated ‘big bang’ hospital reform of
One notable area of change in the Nordic region has been in the provision of health care services, where principles of state monopoly and local political control have been questioned in terms of their ability to achieve the key goal of equity, both socially and geographically. As a result, different innovative forms of “new public management” (NPM) approaches have been introduced to managing healthcare delivery.
It is this pragmatic approach to adapting the health system to new developments and expectations while maintaining focus on the basic values and goals, that makes the Nordic systems both interesting and relevant, not only for policy makers in these countries but also more widely for health systems elsewhere in Europe and the world. ….”
Part I Nordic health care systems: balancing stability and change
1 Introduction: the Nordic model of health care
2 Healthcare reform: the Nordic experience
3 The political process of restructuring Nordic health systems
4 Looking forward: future policy issues
Part II Nordic health systems: key issues
5 The changing political governance structures of Nordic health care systems
6 Meeting rising public expectations. the changing roles of patients and citizens
7 The changing autonomy of medical professions
8 Maintaining fiscal sustainability in the Nordic countries
9 Harnessing diversity of provision
10 Changing perceptions of equity and fairness
11 Reforming primary health care
12 Addressing the dual goals of improving health and reducing health inequalities
13 Changing demands for institutional management
14 The European Union: single market pressures
15 The Iceland healthcare system
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