Health Financing in
Brazil, Russia and : India
What Role Does the International Community Play?
Oxford University Press in association with The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Health Policy and Planning, doi:10.1093/heapol/czq016 - 2010;1–13
“….In this paper we examine whether
We then use budgetary allocation information to assess the alignment of funding with burden of disease data. We focus on central government allocations through the Ministry of Health or its equivalent. We found that of the three cases examined,
We put forth several factors building on Reich’s (2002) framework on ‘reshaping the state from above, from within and from below’ to help explain this bias in favour of HIV/AIDS in Brazil and India, but not in Russia: ‘above’ influences include the availability of external funding, the impact of the media coupled with recognition and attention from philanthropic institutions, the government’s close relationship with UNAIDS (UN Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS), WHO (World Health Organization) and other UN bodies; ‘within’ influences include political and bureaucratic incentives to devote resources to certain issues and relationships between ministries; and ‘below’ influences include civil society activism and relationships with government.
Two additional factors explaining our findings cross-cutting all three levels are the strength of the private sector in health, specifically the pharmaceutical industry, and the influence of transnational advocacy movements emanating from the
- Analysing budgetary allocations in health is the first step towards understanding the power relations among various stakeholders at global, national and local levels, as well as the relative influence of power, ideas, institutions and culture in promoting investment and policy in certain health areas and not others.
- Resource allocation for public health in
- The combination of pressure from donors through financing of particular diseases, from the pharmaceutical industry, and from transnational advocacy movements at the global, national and local level seems to be key to understanding convergence in Brazil and India and divergence in Russia….”
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