SWIMMING AGAINST THE TIDE:
HOW DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ARE COPING WITH THE GLOBAL CRISIS
Background Paper prepared by World Bank Staff for the G20 Finance Ministers and Central
Bank Governors Meeting,
Available online PDF [21p.] at:
“…..Impact on the Poor and Most Vulnerable- What does this mean for the poor? The economic crisis is projected to increase poverty by around 46 million people in 2009. The principal transmission channels will be via employment and wage effects as well as declining remittance flows. While labor markets in the developing world will take a while to experience the full effects of the on-going global contraction, there is already clear evidence of the fall-out.
The latest estimates from the Ministry of Labor in
“….Workers are increasingly shifting out of dynamic export-oriented sectors into lower productivity activities (and moving from urban back into rural areas). These trends are likely to jeopardize recent progress in growth and poverty reduction resulting from labor shifting to higher return activities.
Declining remittances and migration opportunities are also undermining poverty gains and depressing wages.
Falling real wages and employment impede households’ ability to provide adequate food and necessities to their members
“….Experience from past crises suggests the potential for a slowdown in progress towards the MDGs (Figure 7). Even prior to the crisis, most human development MDGs—especially for child and maternal mortality but also primary school completion, nutrition, and sanitation—were unlikely to be met…..’
“…..Protecting the Vulnerable. Inevitably, the crisis will impact social and human development objectives. Declining growth rates combined with high levels of initial poverty leave many households in developing countries highly exposed to the crisis. The Bank estimates that of 116 developing countries, 94 have experienced decelerating growth, of which 43 experience high levels of poverty. This implies new spending needs and may warrant a re-prioritization of existing public spending….”
World Bank: Financial Crisis website: http://www.worldbank.org/html/extdr/financialcrisis/
Policy Note: Vulnerable Countries Brief
The Global Economic Crisis:
Assessing Vulnerability with a Poverty Lens
This policy note was prepared by Louise Cord, Marijn Verhoeven, Camilla Blomquist and Bob Rijkers
‘…..Almost all developed and developing countries are suffering from the global economic crisis. While developed countries are experiencing some of the sharpest contractions, households in developing countries are much more vulnerable and likely to experience acute negative consequences in the short- and long-term. Declining growth rates combined with high levels of initial poverty leave many households in developing countries highly exposed to the crisis. Vulnerability is heightened if, at the same time, governments are constrained in cushioning the impacts due limited institutional capacity and fiscal resources….”
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