Contracting and Providing Basic Health Care Services in
A Comparison of Traditional and Alternative Service Delivery Models
Ariadna Garcia Prado and Christine Lao Peña
Health Nutrition and Population (HNP) Discussion Paper – June 2010
World Bank's Human Development Network.
Available online PDF [40p.] at: http://bit.ly/avxYkk
“……This study uses data from health facility and patient exit surveys carried out in 2006 in Honduras to examine the characteristics of two basic health care provision models: a traditional Ministry of Health (MOH) public health care one versus a community based one also known as “alternative” or “public-social”. We compare these models based on access, quality, costs, productivity, and management autonomy.
Employing non-parametric tests as well as a probit model, we find that there are significant differences between these two models in terms of quality, management autonomy, and patient’s willingness to return, in favor of the alternative model. While the alternative model has higher unit costs for drugs, it also has higher labor productivity. The fact that alternative providers are held accountable through performance-based contracts and that their personnel are hired on a contractual basis and can be demoted or even fired may account for their stronger performance relative to traditional providers whose personnel are centrally hired civil service staff.
Our findings support the alternative model as a viable option to expand services to other areas of Honduras that lack health services, compensating for the MOH’s insufficient capacity to deliver and manage health care services in poor and remote areas.
Some elements of this model such as performance-based agreements and other incentives can be also incorporated in the management and implementation of the traditional MOH health units in order to improve their performance. As the alternative models increase in number, it would be important to continue to evaluate their performance and to also analyze whether facility performance differs based on type of management (for example, whether the facility is managed by a municipality or an association of municipalities, a non-government organization, or community based organization)…..”
2. an analytical framework to study both service delivery models
3. sample and methodology
4. health care supply and demand
4.3. management autonomy
4.4. determinants of utilization of health care facilities
5. cost and productivity analysis
6. conclusion and policy discussion
annex 1. sample of alternative and traditional models and the socioeconomic status of the catchment area
annex 2. services provided in each type of health care facility
annex 3.a. traditional facilities: main characteristics
annex 3.b. alternative facilities: main characteristics
* * *
This message from the Pan American Health Organization, PAHO/WHO, is part of an effort to disseminate
information Related to: Equity; Health inequality; Socioeconomic inequality in health; Socioeconomic
health differentials; Gender; Violence; Poverty; Health Economics; Health Legislation; Ethnicity; Ethics;
Information Technology - Virtual libraries; Research & Science issues. [DD/ KMC Area]
“Materials provided in this electronic list are provided "as is". Unless expressly stated otherwise, the findings
and interpretations included in the Materials are those of the authors and not necessarily of The Pan American
Health Organization PAHO/WHO or its country members”.
Equity List - Archives - Join/remove: http://listserv.paho.org/Archives/equidad.html
IMPORTANT: This transmission is for use by the intended
recipient and it may contain privileged, proprietary or
confidential information. If you are not the intended
recipient or a person responsible for delivering this
transmission to the intended recipient, you may not
disclose, copy or distribute this transmission or take
any action in reliance on it. If you received this transmission
in error, please dispose of and delete this transmission.