Tuesday, March 6, 2012

[EQ] Progress on drinking water and sanitation 2012 update WHO

Progress on drinking water and sanitation
2012 update WHO

UNICEF and World Health Organization 2012

Available online PDF file [66p.] at: http://bit.ly/wlUJoc

“….This report outlines the challenges that remain. Some regions, particularly sub-Saharan Africa, are lagging behind. Many rural dwellers and the poor often miss out on improvements to drinking water and sanitation. And the burden of poor water supply falls most heavily on girls and women. Reducing these disparities must be a priority.

The recognition by the UN General Assembly, in 2010, of water and sanitation as a human right provides additional political impetus towards the ultimate goal of providing everyone with access to these vital services….”

“…….The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, known as the JMP, reports every two years on access to drinking water and sanitation worldwide and on progress towards related targets under Millennium Development Goal 7. This 2012 report is based on data gathered from household surveys and censuses, including both recent and older data sets that have come to the attention of the JMP. The estimates presented here describe the situation as of end-2010 and supersede those of the JMP update published in March 2010.


The report brings welcome news: The MDG drinking water target, which calls for halving the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water between 1990 and 2015, was met in 2010, five years ahead of schedule. However, the report also shows why the job is far from finished. Many still lack safe drinking water, and the world is unlikely to meet the MDG sanitation target. Continued efforts are needed to reduce urban-rural disparities and inequities associated with poverty; to dramatically increase coverage in countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Oceania; to promote global monitoring of drinking water quality; to bring sanitation ‘on track’; and to look beyond the MDG target towards universal coverage…..”



Looking Forward, Looking Back

03 Global Drinking Water Trends 1990-2010

04 Progress Towards the MDG Target

08 Regional Trends

11 An Alternative Indicator of Progress

12 Urban-Rural Disparities

14 Global Sanitation Trends 1990-2010

15 Progress Towards the MDG Target

18 Regional Trends

22 An Alternative Indicator of Progress

23 Urban-Rural Disparities

26 The Equity Imperative

27 Looking Beyond Averages

28 Water & Sanitation Use in Least Developed Countries

29 Water & Sanitation Use by Wealth Quintiles

31 Gender and the Burden of Collecting Water

32 JMP Methodology and What Lies Ahead

33 JMP Estimates

34 Growth of the JMP Database

34 Data Limitations

35 Data Reconciliation

35 JMP Task Forces

35 Looking Beyond 2015

37 Statistical Tables


56 Annex: Trends In Urban and Rural Water Supply Coverage 58

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