Addressing Social Determinants of Health in the Prevention and Control of
HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Tuberculosis
Public Health Reports / 2010 Supplement 4 / Volume 125
Public Health Reports (PHR) is the official journal of the U.S. Public Health Service. Published by the Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH).
Available online at: http://bit.ly/clFnzM
“………..A special supplement focusing on the Social Determinants of Health in the on-going battle to prevent and control HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections, and Tuberculosis.
This supplement covers the constant barriers society faces when fighting and attempting to rectify diseases that have plagued our society for centuries. From economic to cultural to racial obstacles, Public Health Reports examines the “cause and effect” relationships that continue to be the main hindrance to decreasing the spread of these diseases.
This special supplement of Public Health Reports presents innovations, advances, and insights regarding the role of social determinants in the spread of HIV, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections and tuberculosis. Research and commentary are presented on community and societal characteristics, such as the effects of incarceration and the differences in HIV transmission among foreign-born and native-born people; income and/or social status, including registered and non-registered female sex workers; stigma; and education; among other areas.
The supplement includes an editorial by guest editors, Drs. Hazel Dean and Kevin Fenton of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and also includes commentary and a viewpoint penned by former CDC Directors and WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health members Drs. David Satcher and William Foege………..”
Kevin A. Fenton / Hazel D. Dean, ScD /
“…….This special issue of Public Health Reports (PHR) focuses on innovations and advances in incorporating a socialdeterminants- of-health (SDH) framework for addressing the interrelated epidemics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and tuberculosis (TB) in the United States and globally.
This focus is particularly timely given the evidence of increasing burden and worsening health disparities for these conditions, the evolution in our understanding of the social and structural influences on disease epidemiology, and the far-reaching implications of the global economic downturn.
The global trends and adverse health impact of HIV, viral hepatitis, STIs, and TB remain among the major and urgent public health challenges of our time.1
These conditions account for substantial morbidity and mortality, with devastating fiscal and emotional costs to individuals, families, and societies. Despite decades of investment and support, the
The reasons for these inequities are multifaceted and complex. It is true that individual-level determinants, including high-risk behaviors such as unsafe sexual and drug-injecting practices, are major drivers of disease transmission and acquisition risk.
However, it is also clear that the patterns and distribution of these infectious diseases in the population are further influenced by a dynamic interplay among the prevalence of the infectious agent, the effectiveness of preventive and control interventions, and a range of social and structural environmental factors.3,4
Many of these conditions arise because of the circumstances in which people grow, live, work, socialize, and form relationships, and because of the systems put in place to deal with illness, all of which are, in turn, shaped by political, social, and economic forces……..”
David S. Satcher, MD, PhD
William H. Foege, MD
Tanya Sharpe, PhD / Kathleen McDavid, PhD, MPH / Hazel D. Dean, ScD
Ashley Fox, PhD
Niyi Awofeso, MBChB
Andrew Courtwright, MD / Abigail N. Turner, PhD
Jonathan Iralu, MD / Bonnie Duran, DrPH / Cynthia Pearson, PhD /
Michelle Winscott, MD
Anna Satcher Johnson, MPH / Xiaohong Hu / Hazel D. Dean, ScD
Enrique R. Pouget, Phd / Trace S. Kershaw, PhD / Jeannette R. Ickovics, PhD / Kim M. Blankenship, PhD
Elizabeth Reed, MPH / Jhumka Gupta / Monica Biradavolu, PhD / Kim M. Blankenship, PhD / Vasavi Devireddy, BS
Kristin L. Dunkle, PhD / Gina M. Wingood, ScD / Christina Camp, PhD / Ralph DiClemente
Nicole Sirotin, MD / Steffanie A. Strathdee, PhD / Remedios Lozada, MD / Lucie Nguyen, MS / Manuel Gallardo, MD / Alicia Vera, MPH / Thomas L. Patterson, PhD
Lucy Annang, PhD / Katrina M. Walsemann, PhD / Debeshi Maitra, MHA / Jelani C. Kerr, PhD
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