Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: Special Focus on Sanitation
World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation
Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP). UNICEF,
Available online PDF [58p.] at: http://www.unicef.org/media/files/Joint_Monitoring_Report_-_17_July_2008.pdf
“….This report details global progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target for drinking water and sanitation, and what these trends suggest for the remainder of the Water for Life Decade 2005-2015.
In recognition of the large sanitation deficit, and the declaration of 2008 as the International Year of Sanitation, the report has a special focus on sanitation. It opens with a review of the current status of sanitation and an assessment of progress towards the sanitation target included in the MDGs.
The report also introduces a separate assessment of global, regional and country progress using the ‘sanitation ladder’ – a new way of analysing sanitation practices that highlights trends in using improved, shared and unimproved sanitation facilities and the trend in open defecation. Trends in drinking
water coverage are presented in a similar format. They are disaggregated in a ‘drinking water ladder’, which shows the percentage of the world population that uses piped connections into a dwelling, plot or yard; other improved water sources; and unimproved sources.
New data are also presented on the time taken to collect drinking water. The data show the proportion of people that spend more than 30 minutes on a single water-hauling trip and are thus likely to compromise their daily water consumption. In addition, survey data on who usually fetches
water are presented to show how this burden is distributed among women, men, girls and boys.
Finally, the report provides a new perspective on progress. The country, regional and global estimates, starting on page 41, include a statistic on the proportion of the population that gained access to improved drinking water and sanitation since 1990. The intention is to recognize those countries that have made significant progress despite major obstacles, including low levels of coverage in 1990, rapid population growth or both….”
The purpose of this report
2008: International Year of Sanitation
An new way to look at sanitation practices: the sanitation ladder
Progress towards the sanitation target
Urban-rural disparities in sanitation coverage
Unimproved sanitation facilities
A different perspective on progress
The drinking water ladder
Progress towards the drinking water target
Urban-rural disparities in drinking water coverage
Piped water on premises
Other improved sources of drinking water
Unimproved sources of drinking water
A different perspective on progress
Expanding data collection
Joint Monitoring Programme JMP methodology
Country, regional and global estimates on water and sanitation
Millennium Development Goals: regional groupings
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