Integrating gender into HIV/AIDS programmes in the health sector
Tool to improve responsiveness to women's needs
World Health Organization, Department of Gender, Women and Health, 2009
108 pages (English) ISBN 978 92 4 159719 7
Available online at:http://www.who.int/gender/documents/gender_hiv/en/index.html
Gender inequalities fuel the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Hence, gender-responsive programmes can improve the quality of HIV/AIDS services.
This hands-on tool is aimed at programme managers and health-care providers in the public and private sectors who wish to set up, implement and evaluate gender-responsive HIV/AIDS programmes.
It describes basic steps in gender-responsive HIV/AIDS programming and suggests practical actions to address key gender issues in four HIV/AIDS service delivery areas:
1. HIV testing and counseling
2. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
3. HIV/AIDS treatment and care
4. Home-based care and support for people living with HIV
The tool also provides examples of gender-responsive interventions from the field and resources such as: counseling role plays for risk reduction and adherence to AIDS treatment; examples of gender-sensitive communication messages; and protocols for addressing the risk of violence against women as a result of HIV status disclosure.
The tool can be used to:
· Train programme managers and service providers to incorporate gender-responsive actions into their daily work.
· Integrate gender into pre-service and/or in-service basic HIV/AIDS training curricula.
· Engender relevant national HIV/AIDS strategies, frameworks, guidelines and operational plans.
· Integrate gender-responsive actions into district health and HIV/AIDS plans.
· Sensitize senior programme managers and policy-makers to gender and HIV issues.
· Remind programme managers and service providers of key gender-responsive HIV/AIDS strategies.
Monika Gehner Department of Gender, Women and Health (GWH)
Communications, Advocacy and Resource Mobilization - World Health Organization
20 avenue Appia CH-1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland
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