Environmental burden of disease associated with inadequate housing
WHO European Region - 2011
Edited by: Braubach, M., Jacobs, D.E., Ormandy, D.
Available online PDF [237p.] at: http://bit.ly/mElIw4
“…….Poverty, poor housing, and poor health are usually linked, and this means that it is difficult to measure health gains from improvements to housing conditions alone. Although there is a need for more sound evidence of the health gains associated with housing interventions, the chapters of this report have shown that inadequate housing conditions are directly and indirectly linked to negative health outcomes.
Inadequate housing conditions most often affect the less wealthy and the disadvantaged, and are therefore most often suffered by the more vulnerable population groups. In addition, those who make the most use of, and most demands on, housing are the very young, the elderly, and the sick, and these are population subgroups most vulnerable to environmental risks. Satisfactory, safe and healthy housing should therefore be a basic requirement for any society.
The environmental burden of disease attributable to inadequate housing in
Housing strategies and policies are complex and include planning and construction to residential use followed by improvement, renovation and reconstruction. This means that strategies and policies for healthy housing need to be comprehensive and need to involve a wide range of professions…..”
Indoor dampness and mould problems in homes and asthma onset in children
Housing conditions and home injury
Household crowding and tuberculosis
Indoor cold and mortality
Traffic noise exposure and ischaemic heart disease
Indoor radon and lung cancer
Residential second-hand smoke exposure and lower respiratory infections asthma, heart disease and lung cancer
Health effects of lead in housing
Household carbon monoxide poisoning
Formaldehyde and respiratory symptoms in children
Indoor smoke from solid fuel use
Housing quality and mental health
Housing improvements and their health effects
Quantifying the economic cost of unhealthy housing – a case study from
Conclusions and Perspectives
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