Thursday, June 9, 2011

[EQ] World report on disability

World report on disability

WHO World Health Organization and the World Bank Group - June 2011

the report that calls for the elimination of barriers that often force the people with disabilities to "the margins of society." 
UN press release New York, Jun  9 2011 12:05PM



Available online PDF [349p.] at:

More than one billion people in the world live with some form of disability, of whom nearly 200 million experience considerable difficulties in functioning. In the years ahead, disability will be an even greater concern because its prevalence is on the rise. This is due to ageing populations and the higher risk of disability in older people as well as the global increase in chronic health conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer and mental health disorders.


Across the world, people with disabilities have poorer health outcomes, lower education achievements, less economic participation and higher rates of poverty than people without disabilities. This is partly because people with disabilities experience barriers in accessing services that many of us have long taken for granted, including health, education, employment, and transport as well as information. These difficulties are exacerbated in less advantaged communities.


To achieve the long-lasting, vastly better development prospects that lie at the heart of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals and beyond, we must empower people living with disabilities and remove the barriers which prevent them participating in their communities; getting a quality education, finding decent work, and having their voices heard.


As a result, the World Health Organization and the World Bank Group have jointly produced  this World Report on Disability to provide the evidence for innovative policies and programmes that can improve the lives of people with disabilities, and facilitate implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which came into force in May 2008. This landmark international treaty reinforced our understanding of disability as a human rights

and development priority.


The World Report on Disability suggests steps for all stakeholders – including governments, civil society organizations and disabled people's organizations – to create enabling environments, develop rehabilitation and support services, ensure adequate social protection, create inclusive policies and programmes, and enforce new and existing standards and legislation, to the benefit of people with disabilities and the wider community. People with disabilities should be central to

these endeavors.

Our driving vision is of an inclusive world in which we are all able to live a life of health, comfort, and dignity. We invite you to use the evidence in this report to help this vision become a reality….." Dr Margaret Chan, Director-General, World Health Organization - Mr Robert B Zoellick, President, World Bank Group



Foreword Professor Stephen W Hawking


Understanding disability

What is disability?

Disability and human rights

Disability and development

Disability – a global picture

Measuring disability

Prevalence of disability – difficulties in functioning

Health conditions


The environment

Disability and poverty

Needs for services and assistance

Costs of disability


General health care

Understanding the health of people with disabilities

Addressing barriers to health care


Understanding rehabilitation

Addressing barriers to rehabilitation

Reforming policies, laws, and delivery systems

Developing funding mechanisms for rehabilitation 106

Increasing human resources for rehabilitation 108


Expanding and decentralizing service delivery

Increasing the use and affordability of technology

Assistive devices


Expanding research and evidence-based practice

Information and good practice guidelines

Research, data, and information


Policies and regulatory mechanisms


Human resources

Service delivery


Research and evidence-based practice

Assistance and support

Understanding assistance and support

Barriers to assistance and support

Addressing the barriers to assistance and support


Enabling environments

Understanding access to physical and information environments

Addressing the barriers in buildings and roads


Addressing the barriers in public transportation

Barriers to information and communication

Addressing the barriers to information and technology


Educational participation and children with disability

Understanding education and disability

Barriers to education for children with disabilities

Addressing barriers to education


Work and employment

Understanding labour markets

Barriers to entering the labour market

Addressing the barriers to work and employment


The way forward: recommendations

Disability: a global concern


Recommendation 1: Enable access to all mainstream policies, systems and services

Recommendation 2: Invest in specific programmes and services for people with disabilities

Recommendation 3: Adopt a national disability strategy and plan of action

Recommendation 4: Involve people with disabilities

Recommendation 5: Improve human resource capacity

Recommendation 6: Provide adequate funding and improve affordability

Recommendation 7: Increase public awareness and understanding of disability

Recommendation 8: Improve disability data collection

Recommendation 9: Strengthen and support research on disability



Translating recommendations into action

Technical appendix A

Technical appendix B

Technical appendix C

Technical appendix D

Technical appendix E


 *      *     *
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