Tuesday, July 26, 2011

[EQ] Toward a Healthy and Harmonious Life in China: Stemming the Rising Tide of Non-Communicable Diseases

Toward a Healthy and Harmonious Life in China:
Stemming the Rising Tide of Non-Communicable Diseases

Report launched in Beijing on July 26, 2011  

This Report was prepared over December 2010–April 2011 by a World Bank team comprising:

Shiyong Wang (East Asia and Pacific Region, EASHD)

Patricio Marquez (Europe and Central Asia Region, ECSHD)

John Langenbrunner (EASHD)

Available online PDF [48p.] at: http://bit.ly/qEk8Fu


“…..The report discusses why priority attention to NCDs is now required in China, articulates what would constitute an effective NCD response, and proposes how to operationalize the response over the medium and longer terms.


The report provides compelling evidence on the economic and social consequences of this epidemic and suggests a range of policies and strategies to confront and prevent them.


As such, it aims to be a useful input for policy discussions and programmatic decisions to address this development threat in the fastest growing economy in the world. An effective response by China to address the NCD challenge in the years to come could be a powerful example that would significantly influence other countries. ….. “[Patricio Marquez]


NCDs1 are China’s number one health threat. They account for over 80 percent of its 10.3 million annual deaths (10) and Figure 1 shows that they contribute to 68.6 percent of the total disease burden (11). The main NCDs in China are cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPDs), and lung cancer. These conditions account for a significant share of the total NCD burden in China and share common, amendable behavioral and biological risk factors.


The report also advocates implementing “Health in All” policies and actions for a multisectoral response to NCDs in China to help achieve the ultimate goal of “harmonious” development and growth…………”




1 Introduction

2 Why This Report?

3 China’s Rising NCD Epidemic: 2010–2030

3.1 Explosive Increase in the Number of People with at Least One NCD

3.2 Morbidity Makes Up the Bulk of the Burden Attributable to NCDs and about 50 Percent of That Burden Occurs in People under 65

3.3 NCD Mortality Is Higher in China Than in Other Leading G-20 Countries

4 Socioeconomic Determinants and Health Risk Factors for NCDs and Consequences In China

4.1 Growing Urbanization and Changes in Behavioral and Biological Factors

4.2 Over 50 Percent of the Increased NCD Burden Is Preventable by Modifying Behavioral Risks

4.3 Rapid Population Aging May Increase China’s NCD Burden by at Least 40 Percent by 2030 If the NCD Epidemic Is Not Controlled

4.4 NCDs Contribute to Inequalities in Health

4.5 Economic Impact of the NCD Burden

5 Role for Government on NCDs Prevention and Control

5.1 Economic Rationale Justifying Government Actions on NCDs

5.2 Confronting NCDs Effectively: A Litmus Test of China’s Health Sector Reform

6 Launching a Multisectoral Strategy for NCD Prevention and Control

6.1 Suggestions for Comprehensive and Effective NCD Strategies in China

6.2 What Actions to Take? From Governmental Policy to Program Implementation

6.3 Addressing Information Gaps

7 The Way Forward




Beijing  - July 26, 2011 English version:

Key message:

Press release:



Beijing  - July 26, 2011  Chinese version:

Key message:

Press release:

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