Social and Economic Costs of Violence: Workshop Summary
Deepali M. Patel and Rachel M. Taylor, Rapporteurs; Forum on Global
Available online at: http://bit.ly/z9pi6x
“…….The costs of violence are borne by all segments of society, but their measurement and impact are difficult to quantify. Traditional approaches, consisting mostly of measuring the direct economic effects of healthcare utilization and productivity loss, vastly underestimate the additional social and developmental costs of both morbidity and mortality.
Beyond the measurable costs, violence causes pain and suffering, can lead to chronic trauma, affects child development, and can increase the risk of chronic health outcomes later in life (Repetti et al., 2002). As well, violence affects communities and societies, leading to losses in business sectors, financial divestment, and increased burden on the healthcare and justice systems. Although some methodologies exist for estimating such social or indirect costs, many are confounded by uncertainties in definitions and lack of rigorous evidence of causative factors.
Nevertheless, even initial and crude estimates of both the cost of violence and the cost of prevention show the financial benefits of early intervention. In most cases, the cost of implementing successful preventive interventions is less than the cost to individuals and society of inaction.
To engage in multisectoral, multidirectional dialogue that explores crosscutting public health approaches to violence prevention. To that end, the workshop was designed to examine these approaches from multiple perspectives and at multiple levels of society. In particular, was focused on exploring the successes and challenges.
…….Three major reasons for accurately measuring costs:
1. To determine the true impact of violence beyond morbidity and mortality,
2. To place violence in the context of and make comparisons to other public health issues, and
3. To compare the cost of violence to the cost of preventing violence, and determine the cost-effectiveness of intervention programs…..”
Part I: Workshop Overview
2 Approaches to Measurement and Costing Methodology
3 Challenges in Calculating Costs
4 Toward a Bigger Picture of the Costs of Violence
5 The Promise of Investing in Violence Prevention
Part II: Papers and Commentary from Workshop Speakers
6 Papers on Direct and Indirect Costs of Violence
The Costs of Interpersonal Violence—An International Review
Consequences of Elder Abuse: The Needs for Social Justice and Policy Implications
Costs of Firearm Violence: How You Measure Things Matters
The Contagion of Violence: The Extent, the Processes, and the Outcomes
How Persistent Fear and Anxiety Can Affect Young Children’s Learning, Behavior, and Health
7 Papers on Context and Place
Social Contexts and Violence
The Impact of War on Child Development and Mental Health: A Longitudinal Study of Risk and Resilience Among Former Child Soldiers in
Intimate Partner Violence in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: High Costs to Households and Communities
Youth Violence in
8 Papers on Investing in Prevention
The Value of Prevention
Communities That Care: Bridging Science and Community
Practice to Prevent Adolescent Health and Behavior Problems Including Violence
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