Tackling Cross-Sectoral Challenges to Advance Health as Part of Foreign Policy
A report of the international research initiative:Foreign Policy as Part of Global Health Challenges
Commissioned by the Fridtjof Nansen Institute,
-The initiative is a collaborative venture involving the following institutions: Center for Global Health, Fiocruz, Brazil; University of Oslo, Norway; the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Norway; South African Institute of International Affairs; Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia; Harvard University, USA and the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Oslo.
Available online as PDF [51p.] at: http://bit.ly/wqhGLf
“….This report is based on the general assumption that the integration of global health into foreign policy-making is beneficial for advancing global health goals. This is based on the statement laid down in the 2007 Oslo Declaration.
This view is also reflected in various relevant UN Declarations. Using an exploratory comparative approach the report drraws empirical lessons from three global issues, selected on the basis of their similarities to global health:
Environment as regards climate change and biodiversity and their integration into global trade governance; migration and its integration into global security governance and gender and its emergence into global development governance. Issue linkage and mainstrreaming were used as analytical devices.
From the documentation provided, we derive policy lessons on how to advance health as foreign policy is
1) Government actors need to build greater capacity for managing complex governance strucures.
2) New policy concepts require new substance that can help generate concrete action and changed practices.
Finally, the report suggests new points of analytical entry for further research on global health and foreign policy…”
3 Integrating health into non-health global governance arenas: Opportunities and challenges
4 Learning lessons from cross-sectoral governance challenges
a) The integration of environment into global trade governance
Climate change and its integration into global trade governance
Biodiversity and its integration into global trade governance
b) The integration of migration into global security governance
c) The emergence of gender from global development governance
5 Comparing lessons learned – insights for how to advance health as part of foreign policy
Policy lesson 1: Build capacity to manage complex governance structures
Policy lesson 2: New policy concepts require new strategies to help generate concrete action
Research observation 1: Different actors in the global arena utilize strategies of mainstreaming and issue linkage differently
Research observation 2: Strategies work differently to address horizontal versus vertical interplay
Research observation 3: How do we assess the high-politics vs. low-politics character of a global issue?
Future research lesson 1: How can foreign policy areas open up to global health?
Future research lesson 2: Lack of knowledge on policy implementation, outcomes and impact
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