Monday, March 5, 2012

[EQ] WORLD ATLAS of Gender Equality in Education

WORLD ATLAS of Gender Equality in Education

UNESCO - Institute for Statistics (UIS) – March 2012

Available online PDF [64p.] at: UNESCO:

 “…….To mark International Women’s Day, UNESCO and the UIS have jointly released the World Atlas of Gender Equality in Education, which includes over 120 maps, charts and tables featuring a wide range of sex-disaggregated indicators.


The information and analysis calls attention to persistent gender disparities and the need for greater focus on girls’ education as a human right.


The atlas illustrates the educational pathways of girls and boys and the changes in gender disparities over time. It hones in on the gender impact of critical factors such as national wealth, geographic location, investment in education, and fields of study.



The data show that:

·         Although access to education remains a challenge in many countries, girls enrolled in primary school tend to outperform boys. Dropout rates are higher for boys than girls in 63% of countries with data.

·         Countries with high proportions of girls enrolled in secondary education have more women teaching primary education than men.

·         Women are the majority of tertiary students in two-thirds of countries with available data. However, men continue to dominate the highest levels of study, accounting for 56% of PhD graduates and 71% of researchers.

The atlas also provides a perspective on the progress countries are making towards gender-related targets set by the international community under Education for All and the Millennium Development Goals. ….”



Increased worldwide demand for quality schooling

1. School enrolments keeping pace with population growth

2. National wealth: a factor in educational participation and persistence

3. Countries differ in levels of commitment to education

4. Compulsory education laws offer legal basis for education

Girls’ right to education

1. Female enrolment rising at greater rate than among males

2. Gender parity an issue in all countries

Enrolment and gender trends: primary education

1. Participation in pre-primary education on the rise

2. Growing number of countries achieving universal primary education

3. Significant progress in gender parity at the primary level

4. Repetition a continuing obstacle to progress in school

5. Dropout a threat to universal primary education

6. Primary level completion rates on the rise

7. Out-of-school children a continuing challenge

8. Overage children more likely to drop out of school

9. Special challenges of poor children and those in rural areas

Enrolment and gender trends: secondary education

1. Gross enrolment ratios rising at secondary level

2. Upward trends in secondary level gender parity

3. Gross enrolment ratios different at lower and higher secondary levels

4. Out-of-school adolescents a continuing problem

Enrolment and gender trends: tertiary education

1. Gross enrolment ratio soaring at the tertiary level

2. Women are the biggest beneficiaries of rising tertiary enrolments

3. National wealth a major factor in gender gaps at tertiary level

4. Women have edge in graduate degrees up until PhD level

5. Significant gender differences in various fields of study

6. Men continue to predominate in research jobs

7. Multiple reasons for over-representation of women in post-secondary education

Trends in school-life expectancy

Gender trends: adult and youth literacy

1. Significant progress made in push for universal adult literacy

2. Youth literacy on the rise

How policies affect gender equality in education

1. Female role models an important factor in girls’ academic success

2. Secondary teaching force evenly divided among males and females

3. Teachers’ pay a factor in proportion of female teachers

4. Girls more affected than boys by distance to school

5. Females have edge over males in learning achievement





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