Tuesday, April 10, 2012

[EQ] Caribbean Human Development Report 2012 - Human Development and the Shift to Better Citizen Security

Caribbean Human Development Report 2012
Human Development and the Shift to Better Citizen Security

United Nations Development Programme UNDP – 2012

Available online PDF [ 246p.] at: http://on.undp.org/Hz3n6J

“…..Crime has become one of the main challenges threatening economies and livelihoods in Caribbean countries, but the right mix of policies and programmes can halt the problem, according to the Caribbean Human Development Report 2012.

“This report stresses the need to rethink our approaches to tackling crime and violence and providing security on the ground. We need to follow approaches that are centered on citizen security and address the causes of this recent increase in violent crime, including social, economic, and political exclusion,”

The Caribbean Human Development Report reviews the current state of crime as well as national and regional policies and programmes to address the problem in seven English- and Dutch-speaking Caribbean countries:
Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago.

Key recommendations from the Report

 •High rates of violent crime can be turned around by achieving a better balance between legitimate law enforcement and preventive measures, with a stronger focus on prevention;
• Governments should create or invest more in units to address gender-based violence and adopt more preventive measures to ensure that violence against girls and women is no longer tolerated
• Because crime harms social cohesion, Caribbean nations must better address youth violence and street gangs, whose crimes are rarely prosecuted
• Public security requires community collaboration…”


Chapter 1 Crime Trends since Independence and the Impact on Vulnerable Groups
Chapter 2 Youth Violence: Reducing Risk and Enhancing Resilience
Chapter 3 Reducing the Contribution of Street Gangs and Organized Crime to Violence
Chapter 4 The Police: Transitioning to Citizen Security
Chapter 5 Criminal Justice Systems
                Regional Bodies Focused on Police, Prosecution, and Corrections
Chapter 6 State Policies and the Policy Orientation of Populations
               The Evolution of Policy, Deterring Social Violence, and the War on Narco-Trafficking
               Public Attitudes towards Crime and Punishment
               Social Tolerance and Ideals of Justice
               Public Opinion on Mechanisms for Preventing and Controlling Crime
Chapter 7 Conclusions and Recommendations
Technical Notes


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