Research and Development to Meet Health Needs in Developing Countries:
Strengthening Global Financing-Coordination
WHO - Report of the Consultative Expert Working Group –EWG – on:
Research and Development: Financing and Coordination
Available online PDF file [226p.] at: http://bit.ly/HiWC7y
5 April 2012 | Geneva – “…..New sources of funding are needed to stimulate health research specifically for diseases that affect people in developing countries, according to a report published today by an international expert group convened by WHO.
The Consultative Expert Working Group on Research and Development: Financing and Coordination (CEWG) has called for increased global commitment to funding and coordinating health research to meet the specific needs of developing countries. The group proposes a package of changes that includes utilizing open knowledge innovation and prizes as incentives, mandatory government commitments, pooling of funding and an international binding convention on global health research.
Recommendations to improve global financing
· Research outputs that address health needs of developing countries should be in the public domain or made available through open licensing.
· Patent pools should be used to increase sharing of research results.
· Pooled funding mechanisms should coordinate financial resources and some of the funds should be used for capacity building in developing countries including direct grants to companies that can help promote technology transfer.
· WHO should play a central coordinating role in global health research.
· Increased funding is needed from governments and philanthropic sources in the light of market failures of private investments.
· All countries should commit to spend at least 0.01% of gross domestic product on research to develop health technologies for use in developing countries.
Discussion on the recommendations will take place at the 65th World Health Assembly (WHA) in May 2012….”
Executive summary .
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Setting the scene: the issues
The need for actio
Trends in R&D in the pharmaceutical industry
Research and development relevant to developing countries
Expenditure Estimates and Sources of Funding
Research and development and access .
Research and development financing
Research and development coordination
Chapter 3: Review of proposals
Chapter 4: Strengthening global financing of health research and development
Chapter 5: Strengthening global coordination in health research and development
Chapter 6: Implementation: a binding instrument
Annex 1: Inception report
Annex 2: Mapping of EWG and CEWG processes
The EWG‘s grouping of R&D financing and coordination proposals
The first step: creation of an inventory of 109 proposals
The second step: from 109 proposals to 91 proposals
The third step: from 91 to 22 grouped proposals
CEWG grouping of R&D financing and coordination proposals
The inventory of R&D financing and coordination proposals considered by CEWG
The new landscape of proposals: 15 assessments and chapters on financing and coordination
Annex 3: Assessments of proposals . .
Global Framework on Research and Development . .
Removal of data exclusivity . .
Direct grants to companies
Green intellectual property
Health Impact Fund
Orphan drug legislation
Open approaches to research and development and innovation
Milestone prizes and end prizes
Purchase or procurement agreements
Priority review voucher
Tax breaks for companies
Transferable intellectual property rights
ANNEX 4: Regional consultation meetings
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