Monday, May 21, 2012

[EQ] How To Make Cities More Resilient -A Handbook For Local Government Leaders

How To Make Cities More Resilient -A Handbook For Local Government Leaders

A contribution to the global campaign 2010-2015 - Making Cities Resilient – My City is Getting Ready!

Helena Molin Valdés, Aloysius Reg, John Scott, Jaime Valdés Aguayo, Patricia Bittner

United Nations UNISDR -Geneva March 2012

Available online PDF [104p.] at:

"…….Cities and urban areas represent dense and complex systems of interconnected services. As such, they face a growing number of issues that drive disaster risk. Strategies and policies can be developed to address each of these issues, as part of an overall vision to make cities of all sizes and profiles more resilient and livable.

Among the most significant risk drivers are:

- Growing urban populations and increased density, which put pressure on land and services, increasing settlements in coastal lowlands, along unstable slopes and in hazard-prone areas.

- Concentration of resources and capacities at national level, with a lack of fiscal and human resources and capacities in local government, including unclear mandates for disaster risk reduction and response.

- Weak local governance and insufficient participation by local stakeholders in planning and urban management.

- Inadequate water resource management, drainage systems and solid waste management, causing health emergencies, floods and landslides.

- The decline of ecosystems, due to human activities such as road construction, pollution, wetland reclamation and unsustainable resource extraction, that threatens the ability to provide essential services such as flood regulation and protection.

- Decaying infrastructure and unsafe building stocks, which may lead to collapsed structures.

- Uncoordinated emergency services, which decreases the capacity for swift response and preparedness.

- Adverse effects of climate change that will likely increase or decrease extreme temperatures and precipitation, depending on localized conditions, with an impact on the frequency, intensity and location of floods and other climate-related disasters…."


The Hyogo Framework for Action
1. Build institutional capacity: Ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation.

2. Know your risks: Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning.

3. Build understanding and awareness: Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels.

4. Reduce risk: Reduce the underlying risk factors through land-use planning, environmental, social and economic measures.

5. Be prepared and ready to act: Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels.

Table of Contents


Why are Cities at Risk?

What is a Disaster Resilient City?

A Global Agenda and Campaign to Build Resilient Nations and Communities

Chapter 1. Why Invest in Disaster Risk Reduction? 14

Chapter 2. What are the Ten Essentials for Making Cities Disaster Resilient?

- Essential 1: Institutional and Administrative Framework

- Essential 2: Financing and Resources

- Essential 3: Multi-hazard Risk Assessment- Know your Risk

- Essential 4: Infrastructure Protection, Upgrading and Resilience

- Essential 5: Protect Vital Facilities: Education and Health

- Essential 6: Building Regulations and Land Use Planning

- Essential 7: Training, Education and Public Awareness

- Essential 8: Environmental Protection and Strengthening of Ecosystems

- Essential 9: Effective Preparedness, Early Warning and Response

- Essential 10: Recovery and Rebuilding Communities

Chapter 3. How to Implement the Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient

- Milestones and Strategic Planning

- Phase One: Organizing and Preparing to Incorporate the Ten Essentials

- Phase Two: Diagnosis and Assessment of the City's Risk

- Phase Three: Developing a Safe and Resilient City Action Plan

- Phase Four: Implementing the Plan

- Phase Five: Monitoring and Follow Up

- How to Finance Disaster Risk Reduction

  Partners in the Global Campaign: Making Cities Resilient - My City is Getting Ready




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