Friday, July 27, 2012

[EQ] Implementation research evidence uptake and use for policy-making

Implementation research evidence uptake and use for policy-making

Ulysses Panisset 1; Tracey Pérez Koehlmoos 2; Ahmad Hamdi Alkhatib 3; Tomás Pantoja 4 ;Prabal Singh 5; Jane Kengey-Kayondo 6; Ben McCutchen 7

1 Coordinator, Evidence Informed Policy Network (EVIPNet), Department of Knowledge Management and Sharing, WHO

2 Programme Head, Health & Family Planning Systems Programme, ICDDR,B,  Dhaka, Bangladesh

3 Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University; Forum Fellow, McMaster Health Forum, Canada

4 Family Medicine Department, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

5 ACCESS Health International Inc., Centre for Emerging Markets Solutions, Indian School of Business, Andhra Pradesh, India

6 Strategic Alliances, Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), WHO

7 Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Canada

Health Research Policy and Systems – July 2012, 10:20 doi:10.1186/1478-4505-10-20


Available online PDF [13p.] at:

“……A major obstacle to the progress of the Millennium Development Goals has been the inability of health systems in many low- and middle-income countries to effectively implement evidence-informed interventions.

This article discusses the relationships between implementation research and knowledge translation and identifies the role of implementation research in the design and execution of evidence-informed policy. After a discussion of the benefits and synergies needed to translate implementation research into action, the article discusses how implementation research can be used along the entire continuum of the use of evidence to inform policy. It provides specific examples of the use of implementation research in national level programmes by looking at the scale up of zinc for the treatment of childhood diarrhoea in Bangladesh and the scaling up of malaria treatment in Burkina Faso.

A number of tested strategies to support the transfer of implementation research results into policy-making are provided to help meet the standards that are increasingly expected from evidence-informed policy-making practices…”

“……Implementation research is an integral part of the knowledge translation (KT) continuum. Emphasis must be placed not only on its production, but also on its quality, proper use and uptake in decision-making. In order to more effectively implement evidence informed policy, policy-makers and researchers should learn together and work in partnership to improve access and delivery.

Steps should be taken to increase the demand for research use and knowledge translation (KT) through sustainable partnerships and mechanisms, including KT platforms (at the district, provincial and national levels) that promote the early involvement of policy-makers, managers, health care providers and patients and serve as the basis for capacity-strengthening activities….”



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