Social determinants of health:
The role of social protection in addressing social inequalities in health
Deutsche Gesellschaft für - Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH
Available online at:
“…….The social, economic and political context in which people grow, live, work and age has enormous impact on their health status. These wider structural determinants of health lie largely outside the health sector. The level and coverage of social protection systems is one key determinant. Social protection measures and mechanisms directly contribute to poverty reduction and human resource development by providing recipients with in-kind or cash transfers. They also allow beneficiaries to gain better access to social services, including health facilities, drugs, etc.
“….Falling ill is one of the most important social and economic risks; illness not only generates costs in terms of treatment; it also has major economic implications with regard to loss of income and labour supply. Especially the most vulnerable are more likely to become sick while at the same time they are less able to cope with it; amongst others they lack adequate social protection mechanisms that allow them to cover the costs of treatment and drugs and overcome a temporary loss of income…..”
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