Tuesday, September 18, 2012

[EQ] Call for Cases - Global Perspectives on Public Health Ethics: A Casebook

Call for Cases for a New Publication

Global Perspectives on Public Health Ethics: A Casebook

Public Health Ethics Unit -Office of the Associate Director for Science

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Atlanta USA

Website: http://1.usa.gov/UknT2r

“……………Although the practice of public health has always involved consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. Few practical training resources for public health practitioners are available, especially resources which consider ethical issues likely to arise in the practice of public health.

The purpose of this call is to assemble a broad range of cases that highlight global perspectives on the ethical challenges of public health and approaches specifically designed for addressing these challenges. The cases will be used to explore differences and similarities in various cultural approaches to the application of ethics to the practice of public health.

Although the target audience for the casebook will be public health practitioners, the casebook format will make it useful for educators who wish to use it in classes or workshops on public health ethics.

Objectives for the Casebook

1. Increase awareness and understanding of public health ethics and the value of ethical analysis in public health practice.
   This includes, but is not limited to, ethical considerations for:

a.public health policy development, implementation, and evaluation

b.public health decision making in national and international field settings and training programs

c.applied public health research

2. Highlight ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health, drawing attention to similarities and
   differences in cross-cultural perspectives on frequently encountered public health ethics concerns.

3. Create a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics that delineates
   approaches specifically designed to address ethical challenges encountered in public health practice.

Casebook Editors

The editors for the casebook will be:

•Drue H. Barrett, PhD, Lead, Public Health Ethics Unit, Office of Science Integrity, Office of the Associate Director for Science,
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA

•Gail Bolan, MD, Director for the Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention (DSTDP) within the National Center for HIV/AIDS,
  Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB

•Angus Dawson, PhD, Professor of Public Health Ethics, Head of Medicine, Ethics, Society & History, University of Birmingham, UK

•Leonard Ortmann, Public Health Ethicists, Public Health Ethics Unit, Office of Science Integrity, Office of the Associate Director for Science,
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA

•Andreas Reis, MD, MSc, Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights, World Health Organization, Genève, Switzerland

•Carla Saenz, PhD, Bioethics Regional Advisor, Pan American Health Organization, Washington DC

The editors will seek input from individuals and organizations with expertise in public health ethics regarding the direction of the overall casebook project, recommendations regarding reviewers, and input on promotion and dissemination plans.



Structure for the Casebook

The book will be organized into chapters that address major public health topics. We expect to include chapters on the following topics, however cases that address other public health topics will be considered:


Public Health Methods and Approaches (e.g., surveillance, epidemiology, outbreak management, monitoring of data trends,
   community engagement)

• Resource Allocation and Priority Setting (e.g., allocation of resources during a pandemic, program planning under
   government austerity measures, prioritization of prevention versus control measures)

• Public Health Research (e.g., informed consent, control arms for clinical trials, sharing research results, community benefit)

• Disease and Injury Prevention (e.g., infection control, vaccination policies, screening approaches, product safety, food regulation
   and inspection, disaster planning and response)

Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (e.g., smoking bans, obesity prevention and control, seat belt laws,
   urban planning, food and agricultural policy)

Environmental and Occupational Health (e.g., clean air and water policies, natural radiation, zoonotic diseases, climate change,
   workplace health screening, worker protections)

• International Collaboration for Global Public Health (e.g., global public goods, international assistance, global governance, global coordination,
   and information/data   sharing between countries, working across jurisdictions)

Protection of Vulnerable and Marginalized Groups (e.g., social determinants of health, health disparities, health equity, protection of particular vulnerable populations)


Those interested in submitting a case are encouraged to send a letter of intent that briefly describes the nature of the case topic to
PHEthics@cdc.gov  by December 1, 2012

In order to be considered for inclusion in the casebook, cases must be submitted to PHEthics@cdc.gov
by January 1, 2013.

Case Selection Criteria

A peer review process will be used to make the selection of cases for inclusion in the casebook. It is anticipated that the peer review process will take approximately three months. The following criteria will be used:


1. Relevance to objectives and intended audience(s) of the casebook (20%)

2. Description of background and context for the case (30%)

3. Articulation of the case (i.e., the extent to which the case clearly describes a realistic ethical challenge,
    tension or dilemma relevant to the practice of public health, public health policy, or public health research) (30%)

4. Usefulness of the questions for stimulating discussion of the ethical issues raised by the case (20%)

Original case contributors will retain authorship of the case and will be appropriately cited in the casebook.


The intent is to submit the casebook to Springer Press for publication as an open access book.
Links to the casebook will be included in the casebook agency sponsors’ websites.

For more information, please contact:


Drue Barrett, Ph.D. Lead, Public Health Ethics Unit

Office of Scientific Integrity -Office of the Associate Director for Science

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

404-639-4690 - DBarrett@cdc.gov

Resources for Development of Cases:

Cash R, Wikler D, Saxena A, Capron, A (eds) (2009)
Casebook on ethical issues in international health research. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Available at http://www.who.int/rpc/publications/ethics_casebook/en/index.html

Jennings B, Kahn J, Mastroianni A, Parker, LS (eds) (2003)
Ethics and public health: model curriculum.
Washington DC: Association of Schools of Public Health.
Available at http://www.asph.org/document.cfm?page=782

McDougall C (2010) Case studies of ethics during a pandemic.
A publication of the National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy.
Available at http://www.ncchpp.ca/docs/Ethics_CaseStudies_EN.pdf

Nuffield Council on Bioethics (2007) Public health: ethical issues.
Available at http://www.nuffieldbioethics.org/public-health




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