Inclusive and sustainable development: challenges, opportunities, policies and partnerships
Two challenge papers by Andrew Norton and Andrew Rogerson
Overseas Development Institute, ODI September 2012
Available online PDF [28p.] at: http://bit.ly/SMEKwv
These two challenge papers were commissioned by DANIDA in preparation for the International High Level Conference ‘Development policy in a changing world’, marking DANIDA’s 50th anniversary (March 2012).
Paper 1, ‘The challenge of, and opportunities for, inclusive and sustainable development’
by Andrew Norton, ODI Director of Research, aims to support high level discussion on the challenges facing global development.
It reviews four key challenges: persistent poverty; globalisation and socio-economic transitions; sustainable development in the context of climate change; and human security, violence and conflict.
Major potential risks include shocks in the world economy, civil conflict and fragility, long-term resource scarcities and climate change. As a result, policy needs to engage with change, focusing on the supra-national level to deliver global public goods. The most significant contemporary challenge is at a meta-level – how to improve the weak capacity of global institutions, processes and relationships to act coherently to address collective action problems in an increasingly multi-polar world.
Introduction and background
Challenge 1: Persistent poverty
Challenge 2: Globalisation and socio-economic transitions
Challenge 3: Sustainable development and climate change
Challenge 4: Human security, violence and conflict
Conclusion: the challenges to global collective action
Paper 2, ‘The policy and institutional response to development challenges: forging new partnerships’
by Andrew Rogerson, ODI Senior Research Associate picks up the themes emerging from paper 1 to address the policy and institutional responses that are needed for inclusive and sustainable development. The paper argues that the challenges outlined in Paper 1 call for collective action of an unprecedented scale, scope and speed. It examines the complex institutional space occupied by the many actors, policies and instruments available to tackle these challenges, and their varied motivations and capabilities. It outlines three main options available to development agencies:
• concentrate on being an efficient disburser of official development assistance (ODA)
• become brokers and managers of ODA and ODA-like funds, concentrating on financial issues and building stronger partnerships with the private sector and non-traditional donors
• become deal-makers and brokers across government and internationally, providing a unique perspective and resources (financial and non-financial) on issues that shape global well-being.
Together, these two challenge papers aim to illuminate the context of the current development paradigm, and outline potential response
Innovations in aid
Disruptors in development cooperation
Conclusions: Implications for development partnerships
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