Monday, January 23, 2012

[EQ] Health economic assessment tools (HEAT) for walking and cycling -transport infrastructure and policies

Health economic assessment tools (HEAT) for
 walking and cycling -transport infrastructure and policies


Methodology and user guide

Sonja Kahlmeier, University of Zurich, Switzerland

Nick Cavill, Cavill Associates, United Kingdom

Hywell Dinsdale, National Obesity Observatory England, United Kingdom

Harry Rutter, National Obesity Observatory England, United Kingdom

Thomas Götschi, University of Zurich, Switzerland

Charlie Foster, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Paul Kelly, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Dushy Clarke, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Pekka Oja, UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Finland

Richard Fordham, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom

Dave Stone, Natural England, United Kingdom

Francesca Racioppi, WHO Regional Office for Europe

WHO Regional Office for Europe.2011

Available online PDF [46p.] at:


“…..The promotion of cycling and walking for everyday physical activity not only promotes health but can also have positive effects on the environment.


This booklet summarizes the tools and guidance developed to facilitate this shift: the methodology for the economic assessment of transport infrastructure and policies in relation to the health effects of walking and cycling; systematic reviews of the economic and health literature; and guidance on applying the health economic assessment tools and the principles underlying it.

This methodology and user guide will be of key interest to professionals at both national and local levels: transport planners, traffic engineers, and special interest groups working on transport, walking, cycling or the environment, as well as health economists, physical activity experts and health promotion experts….”



1. Introduction .

2. Methodological guidance on economic appraisal of health effects related to walking and cycling

2.1. Walking and cycling data .

2.2. Time needed to reach full level of walking or cycling

2.3. Interactions between transport-related physical activity, air pollution and road traffic injuries

2.4. Mortality or morbidity?

2.5. The nature of the relationship between physical activity and health

2.6. Age groups .

2.7. Sex

2.8. Time needed for health benefits to build up .

2.9. Activity substitution

2.10. Static vs life tables approach

2.11. Costs applied

2.12. Discounting

2.13. Sensitivity analysis . 

3. Reviews of the literature: summary

3.1. Economic literature

3.2. Epidemiological literature

4. The HEAT for walking and for cycling: introduction . 

5. HEAT for walking: instructions for users

6. HEAT for cycling: instructions for users





 *      *     *
This message from the Pan American Health Organization, PAHO/WHO, is part of an effort to disseminate
information Related to: Equity; Health inequality; Socioeconomic inequality in health; Socioeconomic
health differentials; Gender; Violence; Poverty; Health Economics; Health Legislation; Ethnicity; Ethics;
Information Technology - Virtual libraries; Research & Science issues.  [DD/ KMC Area]
Washington DC USA

“Materials provided in this electronic list are provided "as is". Unless expressly stated otherwise, the findings
and interpretations included in the Materials are those of the authors and not necessarily of The Pan American
Health Organization PAHO/WHO or its country members”.
PAHO/WHO Website
Equity List - Archives - Join/remove:

IMPORTANT: This transmission is for use by the intended
recipient and it may contain privileged, proprietary or
confidential information. If you are not the intended
recipient or a person responsible for delivering this
transmission to the intended recipient, you may not
disclose, copy or distribute this transmission or take
any action in reliance on it. If you received this transmission
in error, please dispose of and delete this transmission.

Thank you.

No comments: